Shillong is a beautiful hill station situated in the North Eastern Part of India. It is widely known and appreciated for its natural scenic beauty.
Shillong is at 25.57°N 91.88°E. It is on the Shillong Plateau, the only major uplifted structure in the northern Indian shield. The city lies in the centre of the plateau and is surrounded by hills, three of which are revered in Khasi tradition: LumSohpetbneng, LumDiengiei and LumShillong. Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya is situated at an altitude of 1496 meters above sea level. It has cool climate throughout the year, and can be visited anytime of the year. However, the period from September to May is advised to be the best time for sight-seeing. Shillong presents a natural scenic beauty with many waterfalls, caves, pine groves, caves, etc. Meghalaya also has a number of museums and a couple of National Parks (Balpakram National Park and Nokrek National Park . Meghalaya has a rich Flora with insect-eating Pitcher Plant, Wild Citrus and Pygmy Lily among its rare species. Meghalaya is also home to about 300 known varieties of the 17,000 species of orchids found worldwide. Cherrapunjee, the wettest place on earth is only 56 km away from Shillong. Mawlynnong , the cleanest village in Asia is 90 km from Shillong.
Shillong has a cool climate throughout the year. Temperature varies from 15-23 °C in summers, while in winters it can vary from 3-15 °C. Shillong is notorious for its unpredictable weather. Our suggestion would be to always keep some warm clothes handy.
Places to visit
Shillong Peak is the highest point in Meghalaya and is at an altitude of 1965 meters above sea level. The peak provides a bird’s eye panoramic view of the Shillong city.
Ward’s Lake (Polok’s Lake) is situated at the heart of the city, and is extremely popular for short walks and boating.
Botanical Garden is located just below the Ward’s Lake and has a plethora of indigenous and exotic plants.
Lady Hydari Park and Zoo is located within the city and is a popular spot for picnics.
Mawlynnongis renowned as the Cleanest Village in Asia. Use of polythene and smoking is strictly prohibited in this village. Is the only lighted cave in Meghalaya and is open to visitors.
Umiam Lake (Barapani) is 17 km from Shillong and is popular for water sports. The adjacent Nehru Park is an ideal picnic spot.
Shillong Golf Club is the 3rd oldest golf course in India and the only 18-hole course. It is termed as the 'Glen-eagle of the East' at the US Golf Association Library and Museum.
KremMawjymbuin Caveis formed in calcareous sandstone and is only 209 metres in height. It has a large stalactite over a female stalagmite which gives an impression of a Shiva Lingam.
Mawsmai Cave is the only lighted cave in Meghalaya and is open to tourists.
Thangkarang Park is situated in Cherrapunjee. The plains of Bangladesh are visible from this park.
Cathedralof Mary Help of Christianis a beautiful church which is equally visited by the devotees and the tourists.
TyrnaDouble Decker Living Root Bridgeis situated in Tyrna village. The living root bridges are made from the roots of Ficuselastica, the Indian rubber tree.
NartiangDurga Temple is a 500 year old temple located in Jaintia Hills. Being one of the 51 Shakti Peethas of Hindu Mythology, it is visited by devotees throughout the year.
There are a number of picturesque waterfalls cascading down the hilly slopes of Meghalaya. Bishop Falls, Beadon Falls, Elephant Falls, Spread Eagle Falls, Sweet Falls and Crinoline Falls are the best known in and around Shillong. While Cherrapunjee boasts of beautiful Nohsngithiang waterfalls at Mawsmai, Nohkalikai Waterfalls and Dain Thlen Falls.
Elephant Falls, located about 10 kms from Shillong, trickles down through two successive falls set in dells of fern-covered rocks.
Bishop and Beadon Falls cascade down the same escarpment into a deep valley.
Spread Eagle Falls looks like an eagle spreading its wing and hence the name Spread Eagle Falls.
Sweet Falls resembles a straight pencil of water emerging from a large size water pipe, dropping vertically over a distance of 200 feet.
Crinoline Falls, located within the city, has a well maintained swimming pool at its base.
Nohsngithiang Falls also known as Maswmai Falls or Seven Sister Falls is a combination of seven small falls cascading together down the hilly slopes.
Nohkalikai Falls, 4th highest waterfall in the World, is a beautiful waterfall cascading down from the top of the gorge to the mystic deep green pool below.
Dain Thlen Falls is located en route to Sohra. Tourist can go as far as the origin of the falls which consists of natural rock carvings.
Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures (DBCIC) comprises Research on Cultures, Publications, Training, Animation Programmes and Don Bosco Museum. The museum not only displays the indigenous cultures of the eight North-eastern states but also of the five neighbouring countries of the North East (China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh).
Wankhar Museum of Entymology(Butterfly Museum),Riatsamthiahhas a fine array of beautiful and rare butterflies and moths on display. One can also get a rare insight into the lifecycles and habitat of these beautiful insects. This privately owned museum is the only known museum in India devoted to butterflies and moths.
Capt. Williamson Sangma State Museum is located within the State Central Library complex. It is considered as one of the centre of studies for Khasi culture and history.